Soil-Transmitted Helminthiasis among primary school children in Balatas, Naga City


Researcher: April Joy C. Alvarez, Alexa Kena N. Fidelson, Jessika Laarmie F. Barnedo, John Leomar R. Endrano, Julie Diane I. Olaguer and Yves M. Saquillo
Adviser: Judith V. CariƱo, RN, MAN, Ph.D


ABSTRACT

This study is aimed towards the determination of the prevalence of soil-transmitted helminthiasis among the primary school children of Balatas, Naga City, and the significance that it bears. This study employed 15 respondents living in dumpsite area as the experimental group, and another 15 respondents in non-dumpsite area (100-meter in diameter away from the dumpsite) as the control group. Results of this study were presented according to their average worm burden. The respondents submitted their stool samples which was examined under the microscope using the Kato-Katz technique. The number of ova of the three notorious soil transmitted helminths namely Ascaris lumbricoides, Hoorkworms, and Trichuris trichiura were counted and was applied under substitution method to the formula used in finding the worm burden according to the standards of WHO. The researchers have complete control over interfering variables. It was made sure that the respondents are truly a resident of the dumpsite and non-dumpsite area, respectively. Also, the researchers chose the respondents of the non-dumpsite area according to their encounter in the kind of environment the dumpsite has, it turned out that the ones with no encounter in the aforementioned area were chosen.

Findings showed that there is a higher prevalence of STH in the dumpsite area than in the non-dumpsite area.